YUKON NORTH SLOPE

12. (1) For the purposes of this section, "Yukon North Slope" means all those lands between the jurisdictional boundaries of Alaska and the Yukon Territory and the Northwest Territories, north of the height of land dividing the watersheds of the Porcupine River and the Beaufort Sea. and including adjacent nearshore and offshore waters and islands.

Principles

12. (2) The Yukon North Slope shall fall under a special conservation regime whose dominant purpose is the conservation of wildlife, habitat and traditional native use.

12. (3) Subject to subsections (5) to (15):

(a) all development proposals relating to the Yukon North Slope shall be screened to determine whether they could have a significant negative impact on the wildlife, habitat or ability of the natives to harvest wildlife:

Disposal of Land

12. (4) Subject to this section, the withdrawal from disposition under the Territorial Lands Act of certain lands described in the Prohibition and Withdrawal of Certain Lands from Disposal Order (SOR/80-198, 27 March, 1980. as set out in Annex E-1), within the Yukon North Slope shall be maintained.

National Park

12 (5) Canada agrees to establish, under the National Parks Act, the Settlement Legislation or such other legislation as may be appropriate or necessary, a National Park comprising the western portion of the Yukon North Slope shown in Annex E and more particularly described as the area bounded to the south by the height of land being the watershed and to the east by the eastern shoreline of the Babbage River.

Territorial Park

12. (16) The parties agree that Herschel Island is to be established as the Herschel Island Territorial Park and. in establishing that Park, the Government of the Yukon Territory will consult the Inuvialuit.

12. (17) Except for the lands adjacent to Pauline Cove. the park regime on Herschel Island shall be no less stringent than that of the National Park pursuant to subsections (5) to (13).

Area East of the Babbage River

12. (20) The parties agree that the area east of the Babbage River extending to the jurisdictional boundary between the Yukon Territory and the Northwest Territories. but not including the adjacent nearshore and offshore waters, shall be designated as an area in which controlled development may take place, subject to the provisions of this Agreement and to laws of general application.

12. (21) Any development activity proposed for the area referred to in subsection (20) shall be subject to the screening and review process set out in section 11.

Inuvialuit Harvesting Rights

12. (24) Subject to the laws of general application respecting public safety and conservation, the Inuvialuit right to harvest on the Yukon North Slope includes

(a) subject to the collective harvesting rights in favour of ail native peoples under the Porcupine Caribou Management Agreement referred to in Annex L the preferential right to harvest all species of wildlife, except migratory non-game birds and migratory insectivorous birds, for subsistence usage throughout the Yukon North Slope;

Economic Benefits

12. (42) The parties agree that the predominant number of persons employed in the operation and management of the parks referred to in subsections (5) and (16) should be Inuvialuit. The appropriate government shall provide training to assist the Inuvialuit in qualifying for such employment.

12. (43) To the extent that the management regime of the parks provides for economic activities, the parties agree that opportunities should be provided to the Inuvialuit on a preferred basis.

Wildlife Management Advisory Council (North Slope)

12. (46) In order to provide for joint planning by the native people and the governments in the Yukon North Slope with respect to the principles set out in subsections (2) and (3), a Wildlife Management Advisory Council shall be established as soon after the execution of this Agreement as is practicable.

12. (47) The Council shall have as permanent members a Chairman and an equal number of native and government members.