WILDLIFE HARVESTING AND MANAGEMENT

Principles

14. (1) a basic goal of the Inuvialuit Land Rights Settlement is to protect and preserve the Arctic wildlife, environment and biological productivity through the application of conservation principles and practices.

14. (2) In order to achieve effective protection of the ecosystems in the Inuvialuit Settlement Region, there should be an integrated wildlife and land management gime, to be attained through various means, including the coordination of legislative authorities.

Harvesting Rights

14. (6) This Agreement provides the Inuvialuit with certain harvesting rights to wildlife in the Western Arctic Region. The exercise of the Inuvialuit rights to harvest is subject to laws of general application respecting public safety and conservation. Nothing in this section gives the Inuvialuit a proprietary interest in any wildlife. Subject to the qualifications set out in subsections (15) to (18), these harvesting rights include:

Fisheries

14. (24) The Inuvialuit may. without restriction, sell. trade or barter fish and marine mammal products acquired in subsistence fisheries to other Inuvialuit, regardless of residence, subject only to regulations to protect public health, to prevent sale, trade or barter to persons who do not qualify and to permit the acquisition of information necessary for the management of the fishery.

Management Processes

14. (36) Within their respective jurisdictions, the governments having responsibility for wildlife management shall determine the harvestable quotas for wildlife species based on the principles of conservation and the following procedures:

Wildlife Management Advisory Council (NWT)

14. (45) A Council to be known as the Wildlife Management Advisory Council (NWT) is to be established as soon as possible after the execution of this Agreement

14. (46) The Council shall initially have six (6) members: one (1) representing Canada, two (2) representing the Government of the Northwest Territories and three (3) representing the Inuvialuit

14. (47) The Council shall have jurisdiction in respect of that portion of the Inuvialuit Settlement Region that falls within the Northwest Territories.

Fisheries Joint Management Committee

14.(61) To assist Canada and the Inuvialuit in administering the rights and obligations relating to fisheries under this Agreement and to assist the Minister of Fisheries and Oceans of Canada in carrying out his responsibilities for the management of fisheries, the Minister of Fisheries and Oceans shall establish a Fisheries Joint Management Committee to advise him on matters relating to Inuvialuit and Inuvialuit Settlement Region fisheries.

Inuvialuit Game Council

14. (73) The Inuvialuit Game Council incorporated pursuant to the Societies Ordinance of the Northwest Territories shall have a Chairman and at least one representative from each of the Hunters and Trappers Committees referred to in subsection (75).

14. (74) For the purposes of this Agreement the Inuvialuit Game Council shall represent the collective Inuvialuit interest in wildlife. Without limiting the generality of the foregoing, the Inuvialuit Game Council shall among its other activities:

Inuvialuit Hunters and Trappers Committees

14. (75) Each Inuvialuit Community Corporation shall establish a community Hunters and Trappers Committee incorporated under the Societies Ordinance of the appropriate Territory and determine the qualifications for membership therein In determining those qualifications. regard shall be had to any agreements between the Inuvialuit and other native groups.

14. (76) A Hunters and Trappers Committee shall. among its other activities:

(a) advise the Inuvialuit Game Council on all local matters within the Committee's area of responsibility;

Research Advisory Council

14. (80) Comprehensive and continuous research and scientific investigation are required in the Inuvialuit Settlement Region to provide information on which decisions affecting wildlife and the environment can be based. Whenever possible, studies should be undertaken by existing public and private institutions.

14. (81) There shall be a central coordinating agency known as the the Research Advisory Council comprising all persons conducting research in the Inuvialuit Settlement Region who wish to participate.